Days: 33 days
Per capita: 23000 yuan
With whom: one person
The author went to these places
Hotel Schweizerhof Luzern
The wall of musega
Hotel Schweizerhof Luzern ￥ 2113, book now >
Launch more hotels
Published on 20:07, December 10, 2015
Stepping off the golden train, I came to the starting point and terminal point of the golden train, ryuksen. Lucerne is also translated as Lucerne. I prefer the feeling of Lucerne. Lucerne fits the feeling of the city. City of glass, city of nature.
The picture above shows the gate of the original ryuksen railway station. After a big fire, only this gate was left, and the new railway station was rebuilt behind the gate.
Lucerne, the capital of lucerne, is located in the central part of Switzerland, where the exit of the Royce river meets the four lakes. The urban population is nearly 80000. Lucerne (Lucerne) belongs to the German speaking area of Switzerland, and its German name is Luzern. In multilingual Switzerland, lucerne's ASD spelling is Lucerne in Italian and Romansh, and Lucerne in French and English. It is known as the most beautiful and ideal tourist city in Switzerland and the most popular Swiss resort. Ryuksen is a famous historical and cultural city, where artists get endless inspiration. In history, many famous writers lived and wrote here.
Lucerne in central Switzerland is a beautiful city with lakes and mountains. As early as Roman times, it was only a fishing village with few families. Later, a lighthouse was built to guide the passing ships, so it was named "lucerne", which means "lamp" in Latin. The city was officially established in 1178.
Lake Lucerne is located in the middle of Switzerland, between the four forest states. The four Senlin states include Luzern, URI, Schwyz and the former unterwalden (now obwalden and Nidwalden).
The long history of the city has left the civilization of ancient human history. Medieval churches, towers, Renaissance palaces, mansions, century old shops and long streets are everywhere.
The lake area is about 115.2km ²， It is the fifth largest lake in Switzerland. The shape of Lake Lucerne is very irregular because it is sandwiched between the peaks of the Alps. Firstly, the Reuss river flows from south to North into Lake Lucerne in FL ü Elen of URI state, and the part in URI state is called urnersee. Then the lake confluenced with the muota River in schweitz state, and the lake shape changed from east to west. Then it joins the engelberger AA River, which flows from the lower Walden state, and turns north. The lake suddenly narrows and widens into a cross after entering ryuksen state. The southwest wing of the cross shaped lake flows into sarner AA River in the upper Walden state, the northeast wing protrudes into schweitz state, the lake water flows into the northwest wing and flows out of the Royce River in Lucerne city.
The city center of lucerne itself is not very big, and the main attractions are scattered within walking distance. Capel bridge and octagonal water tower are the landmarks of lucerne and the most frequently seen buildings on Swiss postcards. The lion monument tells the history of Switzerland and is a symbol of Swiss loyalty and perseverance. To Lucerne, you can enjoy the four forest state lakes. Different cruise routes can also lead to various holiday towns along the lake and famous peaks in the Alps
Because there are many high mountains on the Bank of the lake, such as Pilatus, stanserhorn, Ruiji and so on, the lake and mountains constitute a typical Swiss landscape, which is very beautiful.
Both Swiss and foreigners are attracted by the magnificent scenery of lucerne lake, which makes it a tourist attraction. There are many hotels and vacation facilities on the lake bank.
Tourists can travel around the lake by bus, but the route is tortuous and takes a long time. In addition, there are many ferry routes to and from the major towns on ryuksen lake.
The old town of lucerne (Lucerne) is small and the main scenic spots are within walking distance.
Lucerne (Lucerne) with a long history, churches and towers in the middle ages, palaces and mansions in the Renaissance, as well as century old shops and long streets are everywhere.
The water of sisenlinzhou lake, now commonly known as "lucerne Lake", flows into the Royce River and divides the town into two parts: the new town and the old town. The light and color of the lake reflect the beautiful scenery of the city. It's also true and illusory to travel in it.
Lucerne has not only the modernization of the 21st century, but also the unique beauty, harmony and vitality of the middle ages.
The murals of the times and styles can be seen everywhere in the streets, the ancient narrow streets and squares in the city, and the shops that make people stop.
Tourists can not only feel the leisurely atmosphere here, but also feel the happy and unrestrained atmosphere during the ryuksen Carnival in winter and ryuksen and ryuksen Music Festival in summer.
There are many Renaissance and Baroque buildings and fountains in Lucerne.
The square is paved with cobblestones, and the herringbone cottages are painted with bright colors. The scenery is really fascinating.
There are several main squares in the ancient city: Wugu square, lu'er square, wine market and grain market.
Pass by Hoff Cathedral!
The main feature of this Hoff cathedral is its two high spires, unifying the skyline of ryuksen.
My hotel is near the lion, a famous scenic spot. In the process of looking for the hotel, I saw many tour groups coming out of the park, including many domestic tour groups.
The figure below is the route map of the hotel I made. A is the railway station, B is the hotel. As you can see, the hotel is next to the crying lion sculpture, and the name of this hotel is the Lion Hotel.
The picture below is the front view of the hotel I found with Google Street View Map.
After arriving at the hotel and settling down, I came to the park opposite the hotel to visit. The crying lion was not far from the park.
This dying lion statue was carved on natural rock by Danish sculptors in 1821.
The lion, 10 meters long and more than 3 meters high, fell to the ground in agony with a broken spear on its shoulder and a shield with the national emblem of Switzerland beside it.
The statue commemorates 786 Swiss mercenaries who died on August 10, 1792 in order to protect the safety of Louis XVI family in the Tuileries palace in Paris. The text below the statue describes the process of the incident.
At that time, Switzerland was a poor and backward country. Forced to make a living, men went to European countries as mercenaries.
Swiss mercenaries are loyal to their employers and are brave and good at fighting, but honor and money can not hide the cruelty of the mercenary system. After this incident, Switzerland stopped exporting mercenaries, leaving only the guards serving the Catholic Church in the Vatican, the famous Swiss Guard.
Because of the famous loyalty and bravery, the Swiss guards of the Holy See have been serving until now.
Later, Mark Twain, an American writer, came to lucerne and praised "the dying lion of lucerne" as "the most solemn and moving statue in the world".
Personally, I think this sculpture is very artistic. When you gaze at the lion's face, you will feel very sad and painful.
You seem to want to stretch out your hand to comfort the injured lion.
At this moment, you do not feel the lion is a cruel animal, it is the poor, so fragile.
The crying lion is one of the top ten sculptures in the world.
Sculpture from the historical background to the sculpture itself is very attractive, every detail is extremely sad.
If you stare for a while, you'll cry.
The sadness of a lion is not only expressed by its face, but also by its tail and claws.
The lion's mane is combed down and its front paws are extremely sentimental.
On the small pool in front of the lion, maple leaves fall with the wind, adding to the sadness. Next, the tour guide explains the historical story behind the sculpture to the tourists.
The most outstanding thing about sculpture is that no matter you look at it from any angle, the lion reveals the feeling of sadness and pain.
The reason is that the sculptor adds all the elements of the lion to the details of grief and pain. The slightly open mouth and the gently sticking out tongue are all well thought out classic designs.
The crying lion is a world classic and outstanding sculpture that people who study sculpture must see and study.
From a distance, the sculpture is carved from the whole granite mountain. Is it a bit like the monkey king under the mountain.
Lucerne's specialty is Swiss watches and clocks, high-grade jewelry, chocolate, saber, hand-made lace and embroidery. The shopping area of the new city is along the Pilatus street with the railway station as the starting point. The shopping area of the old city starts from the schweizerhofquai, schwanenplatz and kapellplatz which are near the lake and spreads to the ancient city. Swan Plaza and its surrounding watch shops, jewelry stores and watch brand stores stand in great numbers. Together with wandom Plaza in Paris, it is one of the two largest watch and jewelry shopping centers in Europe.
There are three famous tourist spots in the old urban area of Lucerne. The first is the water tower of Langqiao (Kapel bridge and octagonal water tower), the second is the lion monument, and the third is the wonderful musage wall.
The stadtkeller restaurant in the alley of weggisgasse in the old city has a folk song and dance show every night from April to October, serving local beer and Swiss specialties.
Lucerne lake is known as Switzerland's largest lake tour routes and the largest inland lake fleet, including five antique steam cruises. Starting from ryuksen by boat, you can easily reach mount Reggie. It is also a popular skiing and sightseeing resort; You can also reach mount Pilatus, which has the steepest and most inclined train in the world. This peak is also the gateway of ryuksen.
Speaking of Switzerland, the graceful association is a beautiful landscape painting: the turbulent stream, the blue lake, the tall and deep fir forest, the majestic and precipitous snow peak... In this refreshing nature, each exquisite and unique city is dotted.
The natural beauty created by heaven is harmoniously integrated with the architectural beauty of artificial decoration. I'm afraid there's no other place so beautiful in the world, so it gradually becomes a tourist attraction that makes people feel relaxed and relaxed.
From Geneva in the southwest to St. Gallen in the Northeast; From Basel in the northwest to Lugano in the southeast, which city is not like the Pearl of fairies? However, in the center of these pearls, one is so extraordinary: it not only twinkles with today's brilliance, but also reflects the brilliance of the past! This is the beautiful ancient city of Lucerne.
The bell bridge (German: kapellbr ü CKE) is a wooden gallery bridge in Luzern, Switzerland. It is 204 meters (670 feet) long and crosses the banks of the Reuss river near the exit of Lake Lucerne.
This corridor bridge is the oldest existing wooden bridge in Europe, a landmark of lucerne and a major tourist attraction in Switzerland.
Because there is a St. Peters kirche on the North Bank of the bridge, it is called kapellbr ü CKE (English: Chapel bridge).
Cabell bridge was built in 1333 for the defense of ryuksen.
The bridge is brown and the top is painted red. Originally, the bridge was a half section, but now it has been built all the way to connect with the opposite bank. It's just that I didn't open it when I went. But the main body has been built. That is to say, when you go again, what you see is not half of the bridge. It's hard to say whether this is progress or retrogression.
Inside the gallery bridge are about 120 paintings about the history of ryuksen painted in the 17th century.
Unfortunately, most of the Cabell bridge was burned down in 1993 due to a ship collision accident. After that, it was quickly rebuilt and restored to its original appearance.
The bridge we see now was rebuilt after 1993. In the middle is a 140 foot high Wasserturm, built of brick. The water tower was originally used as a prison, torture center, lookout tower and treasury.
There are not many supermarkets in liusen. There is one in the railway station. I will go back to the railway station and go to the supermarket to supply.
This supermarket is also a chain supermarket in Europe. It's cheap! Milk in Switzerland is cheaper than water! So I bought a bucket of milk and drank it until the third day. Ha ha. Why? It's cheap, because Switzerland produces milk!
I started to buy a sausage. Later, I felt it necessary to ask if the sausage was ready to eat. As a result, it's not true. I need to cook it before I can eat it. Thanks to my asking! ha-ha. As a result, I later asked which ones were ready to eat. People pointed out that all of them were OK. I looked along the direction and found that all of them were raw meat! Well, I've forgotten that people in Europe like to drink blood. I'm kidding. It's just that the meat is processed and looks raw. Of course, it's raw, but after special treatment, that is, it keeps the fresh taste of raw meat, and it's processed by Bacon. So it's ready to eat.
By the way, the juice in Europe is very cheap, and the price is less than half of that in China. So I drink a lot of juice all the way, and I eat half of the time as breakfast. The following is the dinner of the day!
This is a big bottle of fresh milk, just one euro.
Breakfast. Keep drinking. Ha ha.
The next morning, because the first day of the basic ryuksen travel, so this morning's trip is very relaxed. It's not that I walk fast, but ryuksen is really small.
The following is the route map of liusen scenic spots I made. Please refer to it.
The picture below is the ryuksen mural I photographed on the balcony of the hotel.
By the end of the 18th century, lucerne was still a medieval town, but since the rise of tourism in 1830, lucerne has changed and developed.
The first stop is straight to Hoff cathedral.
Hofkirche, located in the north of Lake Lucerne, is the most important church in Lucerne. It was built in 735 A.D., first in Roman style, and then in Gothic style in the 14th century. In the 17th century, it was severely damaged by a fire and then in Renaissance style. There is one of the largest organ in the world in Hoff church.
With the rise of the British upper class holiday trend represented by Queen Victoria in the early 19th century, elegant pedestrian areas, such as Jesuit quay, under der egg and schweizerhofquai, were built on the landfills along rivers and lakes. Subsequently, the casino was built at the national quay.
At the same time, the HOF bridge and a whole section of the defensive wall with 40 watchtowers and entrances were demolished, opening up the completely closed old city. After 1875, the musegg hill was built. In the mid-19th century, 10000 people lived on 57 hectares of land in the urban area. By 1890, the urban area had tripled, with a population of 20000. Shortly after that, just before the outbreak of the first World War, there were 40000 residents in the city.
Before 1900, some large luxury hotels were built, as well as many hotels for tourists. Now the five-star hotel Schweizerhof Luzern, Palace Hotel Luzern and Grand National Hotel Luzern are all built in that era. 1836 was the beginning of the age of steamboats on Lake Lucerne. After 1859, the train reached lucerne (Lucerne). Before World War I, tribschen in Lucerne even had a Swiss Air base.
The first World War and the Great Depression set back the tourism industry in Lucerne for several years. However, the art and Convention Center designed by Armin Meili still opened in 1933 and held the first international music festival in 1938.
Below is the cemetery of Hoff cathedral.
In the Second World War, lucerne went through another difficult period. After the war, it took several years to recover. American soldiers came to lucerne (Lucerne) for a holiday, which helped the recovery of local tourism. In the 1950s and 1960s, the number of days spent increased from 700000 to 850000. In the 1970s, the number of days spent reached 1000000. In the following decades, the number of days of stay broke the record again and again. In 2000, the output value of tourism in Lucerne was 715 million Swiss francs. The number of tourism practitioners reached 9400. The output value of tourism accounts for 8.7% of ryuksen's GDP.
The wall of musega is one of the best preserved and longest defensive walls in Switzerland. It was built in the 14th century and has more than 900 meters. There are nine watchtowers of different styles built on the city wall. Now only three towers, m ü nnliturm, zeitturm and schirmerturm, are open to the public except in winter. From the wall of musega, you can see the whole city of lucerne, the lake and the mountains in the distance.
Mt. Titlis, the highest peak in central Switzerland, is located here. Although tielishan is 10000 feet above sea level, it takes only 45 minutes to get to the top of tielishan by taking three cable cars. The design of tielishan high-altitude cable car is very unique. The last section is a cable car that can rotate 360 °, with a wide field of vision, which is the first in the world. The top of tielishan mountain is covered with snow all the year round, and there are ten thousand year old glaciers on the mountain. After arriving at the cable station at the top of the mountain, tourists can enter the ice cave and touch the original ice layer; You can take the "glacier ferry" chair to leap over the glacier cracks; You can walk on glaciers; You can also go to the glacier paradise to play in the snow. Eight kinds of free snow toys are addictive. There are many restaurants, ice cream station, souvenir shop, national costume and classical costume photo studio and Swiss lion, the only professional watch shop in Europe. Especially try the whole view restaurant on the top of tielishi mountain. You can't miss dining in the snow capped mountains. At the beginning of 2013, in order to commemorate the 100th anniversary of the completion of tielishan cable car company, a 100m long suspension bridge, tielishan lingxiaoyan Road, the tallest suspension bridge in Europe, was built 3040m from the top of the mountain. Just like the slogan "ice and snow tour, four seasons fun" of tielishan, tielishan attracts tourists from all over the world all the year round, with more than 3 million people so far.
By train in Lucerne, you can get to the picturesque mountain town - ingleburg in an hour. According to legend, Benedictine monks followed the voice of angels into this valley and built a monastery, so the town was named Engelberg. There are more than 30 angels in the town. Before the first World War, ingleburg had become a summer resort for the upper class in Europe. The most magnificent building in the town is the Benedictine Abbey in ingerburg. The abbey that once ruled the valley and directly led to the Pope was finally calm. Visitors go to the Abbey garden to taste the ingborg cheese invented by the monks.
The old town has medieval buildings and streets. The old municipal building was built between 1602 and 1606. It is an Italian style building with classical and solemn style.
There are many squares in the old city. Capel square, with St. Peter's church on the side and Gothic fountain in the center, is the site for the opening ceremony of the famous ryuksen carnival.
Grain market, near the old municipal building. The wine market is surrounded by houses painted with murals. You can enjoy it in the square. There is a Gothic fountain in the center of the square. Deer square is also surrounded by houses with murals. And millon square, where there are many ancient buildings.
There are all kinds of characteristic masks on the streets, ancient narrow streets and squares, and stopping shops, Renaissance and Baroque buildings and fountains. The square is paved with cobblestones, with herringbone cottages and colorful flowers on the walls, fresh and beautiful. Walking along the river and the lakeside, you can see a wooden covered bridge -- Cabell covered bridge, which is slanting across the river.
Every August, lucerne (Lucerne) becomes the most attractive tourist attraction in Switzerland. One of the reasons is that the annual International Music Festival is held here.
From bookstores to grocery stores, the display in the window is music themed. People can see the portraits of Beethoven, Mozart, Chopin, Strauss and other music masters placed in flowers or various commodities; Violins, cellos, pianos, flutes and even music scores have become bestsellers.
In the picture below, there are two sheep and onion topped Christian churches across the river from the city hall on the banks of the Louis river. They were built in 1666-1673 to commemorate St. Franz Xaver. The altar in the church was decorated with red marble and completed in 1681. It is the first large Baroque religious building in Switzerland, with two striking and representative vault decorations outside the church. It was rebuilt in the middle of the 18th century. In addition, brother Klaus, the first donor of the church, was also buried in the church after his death.
During the music festival which lasted for several weeks, all kinds of performances were held in concert halls, large and small, and there were always full seats. Even if you don't have the chance to go to the concert hall, it's not difficult for people to witness the style of musicians: from the station to the hotel, from the riverbank to the lake, you often meet some familiar faces, most of them are music stars.
In summer, there are many boats on the lake. You can take a boat trip to the hometown of William Thiel, the father of Switzerland. You can also go to tribschen by the lake and visit the place where the famous German composer Wagner lived. Wagner lived in Switzerland twice. He spent the best time of six years (March 1866 April 1872) in the charming little villa of tribson surrounded by water on three sides. Before that, he met kosima, the daughter of musician Liszt and wife of famous Austrian diplomat mark law in Germany, and they fell in love. Wagner had to leave Germany. In order to pursue sincere love, kosima finally broke through all kinds of resistance, abandoned the honor status and divorced the prominent figure who later became the Prime Minister of Austria. She found Wagner by the lake of four forest states in lucerne and lived a peaceful and happy pastoral life with her sweetheart. In 1870, Sigmund, the crystallization of their love, was born. Wagner was so excited that he wrote Sigfried to express his happiness and joy. On December 25 of the same year, to celebrate Cosima's birthday, the song was premiered for the first time. In the summer of 1933, Wagner's son-in-law, Gilbert glavina, came here to conduct and perform Wagner's concerts in Lucerne. Sigmund, Wagner's son, also came here to conduct concerts in memory of his father. Lucerne Festival started with this.
The towering and precipitous Mt. Pilatus with the legend of dragon can be seen from the Kapel gallery bridge in Lucerne. Mount Pilatus is the gateway and landmark of Lucerne. Lucerne has Pilatus street and Pilatus radio station, which shows its importance. Mount Pilatus has become a world-class scenic spot with the steepest climbing train in the world and the "Golden Tour of Mount Pilatus" project.
Max chocolatier is a new high-end handmade chocolate shop in Lucerne. It is located in the West Wing of the five-star hotel Schweizerhof Luzern and next to the Cartier store. Only the best raw materials are selected, and the local ingredients are selected according to the season, which are purely handmade. It's not cheap. It's a good gift and reward.
The lunch boat is a very special "restaurant". At 12 o'clock every day, we leave the wharf for Weggis and Vitznau Town, and then return. Only this ship has meals every day. This is a mobile restaurant, especially on the water, featuring fish and meat. If you don't dare to get on this boat, you can go to the boat restaurant on the shore, schiffrestaurant Wilhelm tell.
Bachmann is a pastry shop originated from Lucerne. It can find the characteristic chocolate in the shape of Kapel wooden bridge, which is also a memorial to Lucerne. The most popular product among the local people is chatzestreckerli almond pastry.
At any time, it's the place where the world food is. With the arrival of tourists from all over the world, you can find not only the traditional Swiss cuisine, but also the cuisine from all over the world, including Mediterranean style, Spanish style, Asian style and pure Chinese food.
Cheese hotpot is regarded as a Swiss national dish. You can taste the hot pot meal including cheese hotpot, fried meat hotpot and chocolate hotpot in fondue house in the old city.
The logo of Wirtshaus Taube is a blue pigeon, which is said to be the oldest restaurant in Lucerne. Chuegelipastelli, the local specialty of ryuksen, is very easy to eat.
The stadtkeller Swiss folk song and dance restaurant serves traditional Swiss food. From April to October, traditional Swiss celebrations will be held at noon and evening, including Yodelling mountain singing, flag dance and Alps trombone.
The old Swiss House restaurant is located next to the lion monument. Everything from tableware to furniture is antique. The waiters are all ethnic costumes. The Swiss version of Viennese fried pork chops cooked in front of the guests is one of the features here.
After traveling around ryuksen in one evening and one morning, I got on the train again and went to my next destination, munihei.
Soon after the train left, it entered Germany, and the style of country houses was less romantic and more rigorous. The color of cows on the lawn is different from that of Switzerland!
On the way, I passed a big lake.
The castle by the lake.
This is the salesman on the train. I first saw the suit he was wearing. I thought it was the work clothes specially worn by the salesman! Later I learned that it was the traditional dress of Bavaria, Germany.
The most representative country house in Germany.
The rape field is endless.
The countryside in Germany is really exquisite. Germany, I'm back! Please pay attention to the next travel story, Royal beer house.